Chart Of Accounts

Overview

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts overview

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts overview

The Chart of Accounts represents the financial state of your business as it was on a specific date (ie. how much you have in the bank, how much the business owes, how much is owed to the business, your current profit and loss etc.). It is a live Balance Sheet.

It consists of assets and liabilities. Assets consist of tangible assets (current and fixed assets like a bank account or company vehicles) and intangible assets (e.g. goodwill). Assets (and asset groups) are often placed in order of liquidity (i.e. how easy it is to retrieve the money).

The Chart of Accounts component comprises two vertical panels:

  1. Main Chart of Accounts (Left Panel)
  2. Groups and Accounts Entries (Right Panel)

Main Chart of Accounts (Left Panel)

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts main

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts main

The Chart of Accounts consists of account groups that contain further account groups or accounts. You can re-arrange the groups, add more groups, add more accounts, hide accounts and rename accounts in the Account Manager component.

The left panel contains a table made up of all your business’ accounts and account groups, and their balances.

The Accounts table has three columns:

  • Accounts - This contains all your business’s accounts and account groups
  • Current Balance - Made up from all transactions made between the Start Date and End Date set in the Chart of Accounts
  • Statement Balance - Made up of accounts and transactions that have been reconciled or cleared against a bank or credit card statement

The Accounts column contains the following icons:

  • Accounting Software button chart of accounts asset account group - Indicates Asset/Equity Account Groups
  • Accounting Software button chart of accounts liability account group - Indicates Liability Account Groups
  • Accounting Software button chart of accounts green coins - This icon is used for all your business’s bank, asset, income and sales account types.
  • Accounting Software button chart of accounts red coins - This icon is used for all your business’s credit and expense account types.

Double clicking on an account group, or single clicking the plus sign next to it, opens its ‘tree’ to reveal the accounts contained within.

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts open account group

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts open account group

You will find the following buttons and fields above your Chart of Accounts:

  • Accounting Software field search customer Search Field - This is used in conjunction with the Search Button to locate accounts within the chart
  • Accounting Software button search Search - Click this button to search for any account within the Chart of Accounts.
  • Accounting Software button account manager open close Account Manager - Click this button to open the Account Manager component.
  • Accounting Software button component configuration Component Configuration - Click this button to open the Component Configuration tool.
  • Accounting Software button show advanced Show Advanced - this opens the Show Advanced panel (see below)
  • Accounting Software button print trial balance Trial Balance – this opens the Trial Balance report/design window
  • Accounting Software button print profit and loss Profit & Loss – this opens the Profit and Loss report (it includes all the accounts within the profit and loss account group)
  • Accounting Software button print balance sheet Balance Sheet - this opens the Balance Sheet report/design window
  • Accounting Software button csv export Export as CSV File - opens a filer window so you can export the current table in a format suitable for loading into a spreadsheet (i.e. Comma Separated Values)

Clicking the Accounting Software button show advanced Show Advanced button reveals the following options:

  • Accounting Software button chart of accounts start date - Entering a date here means that the Chart of Accounts balances’ will reflect transactions from this date only
  • Accounting Software button chart of accounts end date - Enter a date to set the Chart of Accounts to only include transactions up to (and including) this date
  • Accounting Software button chart of accounts include year ending transfers - Tick this box to include Year Ending transfers in the Chart of Accounts

If the Start/End Date fields are left blank, then the balance will reflect all the transactions from day 1 to now.

Please note the Start/End Date fields also affect the data displayed in the Trial Balance, Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet reports mentioned above.

Groups and Account Entries (Right Panel)

The right hand panel of the Chart of Accounts is where you can view entries associated with the selected account or account group.

The following tools are located above the right panel:

  • Accounting Software button close Close Tab - This closes the currently selected tab
  • Accounting Software button close all Close All Tabs - This closes all open tabs
Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts group main

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts group main

Double clicking on an account or account group in the ‘Accounts’ list in the left panel will open a new window in the right hand pane.

This panel displays entries relating to the selected account or account group (i.e. in the image above we double clicked on the ‘Bank’ account in the left of the screen to show its entries in the right hand panel).

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts group entries

Accounting Software screenshot chart of accounts group entries

Here the user can view, edit and filter all entries that have been made in reference to the selected account/account group.

The table contains text in two colours, blue and black.

  • Text displayed in black can be edited
  • Text displayed in blue may not be edited

Table Toolbar

The following tools are available for selection above the table:

  • Accounting Software Button Views Drop Down Selector Select Current View Allows you to change the View that is currently in use by the table
  • Accounting Software Button View Editor Toggle View Editor Panel Shows/hides the View Editor Panel
  • Accounting Software Button New View Create New View Creates a New View based on the currently selected view
  • Accounting Software Search Table Search Shows/hides the table’s Search Panel that allows you to search for key words (or amounts) in the current table
  • Accounting Software button chart show hide for this view Show/Hide Chart – displays and hides the chart for the currently selected view
  • Accounting Software button print Print – opens the Document Designer so you can select or design a suitable template for printing the current table of filtered transactions
  • Accounting Software button csv export Export as CSV File - opens a filer window so you can export the current table in a format suitable for loading into a spreadsheet (i.e. Comma Separated Values)

Visible Columns

The following columns are displayed by default:

  • Tax Date – the date of the transaction for tax purposes
  • Reference – a reference value for the current transaction/entry
  • Amount From - Indicates money coming from the selected account for this transaction
  • Amount To - Indicates money coming into the selected account for this transaction
  • Running Balance – shows the running balance of all the transactions currently displayed in the table.
  • Cleared – shows if the transaction has been cleared (if you tick the checkbox to clear or unclear the transaction, the Statement Balance of the account will automatically change to reflect the new state)
  • Transaction Number – an auto-generated number starting from 1 given to each transaction that should be written on to the source document that the transaction came from to aid later identification

Hidden Columns

  • Currency Amount From - This component is only available in the Business Suite version of Business Accountz. Please visit accountz.com for more information - As per ‘Amount From’, the currency amount coming from the selected account for this transaction
  • Currency Amount To - This component is only available in the Business Suite version of Business Accountz. Please visit accountz.com for more information - As per ‘Amount To’, the currency amount coming into the selected account for this transaction
  • Currency Code - This component is only available in the Business Suite version of Business Accountz. Please visit accountz.com for more information – the 3 character currency code of the chosen foreign currency
  • Currency Rate - This component is only available in the Business Suite version of Business Accountz. Please visit accountz.com for more information – the exchange rate to use when converting between the native and chosen foreign currency (as defined in the Currency Code column)
  • Currency Running Balance - This component is only available in the Business Suite version of Business Accountz. Please visit accountz.com for more information - As per ‘Running Balance’, shows how the currency balance changes as each transaction is taken into account
  • Customer/Supplier – if this entry is associated with a customer or supplier their name will appear here
  • Description – any descriptive text
  • Hidden - Check this box to hide the selected entry
  • Lock - tick this column to lock an individual transaction
  • Notes - a place to record any additional notes about this transaction
  • Paid Date - the date on which this transaction was paid
  • Show Trader - Click this to open the record of the customer/supplier associated with this transaction
  • VAT Code – the VAT code associated with this transaction (eg. S for Standard rate VAT), when a code is entered, the VAT is automatically calculated
  • VAT Date - the date used for the relevant VAT return period